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It stands now in the chapel of the same name, to which visitors are seldom admitted. There are several other statues of the Virgin in the cathedral, for which, however, less reverence is felt. The choice of certain statues of Christ or of the Virgin for special veneration is very characteristic of Spanish Catholics. The construction of the Toledo Cathedral is essentially of the thirteenth century, although it was not finished until The exterior of this vast church, with its great doors, rosewindows, and beautiful Gothic towers, the northern one of which ft.
Era Pedro. Nunca pudo saberse. La catedral estaba sola, completamente sola, y sumergida en un silencio profundo. There are three steps that lead up to the chapel, which is separated from the transept to-day by a magnificent reja screen or grating , dating from , and is filled with treasures of art.
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The jewels of this Virgin, presents for the most part from crowned heads and high church dignitaries, are in fact of immense value. El infeliz estaba loco. There they remained in almost constant warfare with the Christians until they were finally defeated at Granada by the armies of Ferdinand and Isabella and driven from Spain in Toledo was entered by the Christians under Alfonso VI in From this time on Christian arms began to prevail in the peninsula.
The gate referred to here is the Puerta Visagra Antigua, an ancient Arab gate of the ninth century, a little to the west of the Puerta Visagra Actual, which latter was not built until The old Puerta Visagra is now blocked up. It was through this gateway that Alfonso VI entered Toledo. Lynch, Toledo, London, , p. In it was restored and took on its present half renaissance, half classical aspect. It consists of five arches, that in the center being about ft. The gorge of the Tagus here is very imposing.
Abbreviation for Su Alteza, 'His Highness,' a title given to the kings of Spain down to the Austrian dynasty, and now applied to princes and regents. The site was originally occupied by a Roman 'castellum' which the Visigoths also used as a citadel. The magnificent staircase is due to Charles V, whose name the Alcazar sometimes bears.
According to one of the legends the remains of St. James were brought to Spain in a scallop-shell; hence the use of that emblem by pilgrims to his sanctuary. James,' the patron saint of Spain. A legend of about the twelfth century tells us that the remains of St. James the Greater, son of Zebedee, after he was beheaded in Judea, were miraculously brought to Spain and interred in a spot whose whereabouts was not known until in the ninth century a brilliant star pointed out the place 'campus stellae'.
The cathedral of Santiago de Compostela was erected there, and throughout the Middle Ages it was one of the most popular pilgrim-resorts in Christendom.
A small, quaint, threecornered plaza, with two sides straight and the third curved, surrounded by buildings with rough arcades shading the shops on the ground floor. It used to be the scene of tournaments and bull-fights, as well as being the market-place, as it is to-day. So exactly must it have been in the day Cervantes suffered and smiled, offering to his mild glance just such a wretched and romantic front. Lynch, op. This use of the accusative le instead of lo, when the object is not personal, is sanctioned by the Spanish Academy.
This is the name of the street that leads from the Zocodover up to the height on which is situated the Alcazar see p. Cuando los dos caballeros se hubieron reunido, cambiaron algunas frases en voz baja. The street mentioned here is one known up to the year as la Calle del Cristo de la Calavera or la Calle de la Calavera, but which bears to-day the name of la Cuesta del Pez. It terminates near a little square which is called to-day Plazuela de Abdon de Paz, but which earlier bore the name of Plazuela de la Cruz de la Calavera.
Miraculous tales are related of several of the images of Christ in Toledo, of the Cristo de la Luz, of the Cristo de la Vega, and others, as well as of the image we have to deal with here.
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There is a small square in front of the cathedral, called to-day the Plaza de or del Ayuntamiento. The French armies of Napoleon entered Spain in Joseph Bonaparte was declared king, but the opposition of Spain was most heroic, and in the French were expelled.
They made great havoc in Toledo, where among other desecrations they burned the Alcazar now restored and the convent church of San Juan de los Reyes. Charles V, the son of Philip of Burgundy by Joanna daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella , and grandson of the emperor Maximilian 1, was bom at Ghent, Flanders, February 24,, and died in the monastery of Yuste, Estremadura, Spain, September 21, He became king of Spain as Charles 1 in , and emperor in In he abdicated the government of the former in favor of his son Philip II, and of the latter in favor of his brother Ferdinand I.
The Casa de Consejos 'City Hall' , Casa Consistorial, or Ayuntamiento, by which various names it is known, is a building erected in the fifteenth century and remodeled in the seventeenth. A charming old Moorish gateway with horseshoe arches between two towers, built about , and recently restored. It is one of the most impressive and beautiful of Toledo's monuments.
This convent was founded in by Ferdinand and Isabella, who meant it to be their burial-place, and was dedicated to their patron saint John the Baptist. Thus the edifice, begun in the late Gothic style, shows a strong leaning towards the forms of the Renaissance. The interior was much damaged by the French in Nuestro joven oficial no tuvo, pues, que torcer Haves ni descorrer cerrojos para penetrar en el interior del templo.
Joseph Bonaport. The capital of Spain and of the province of Madrid, situated on the Manzanares, and nearly in the geographical center of Spain. Population some , The royal palace, begun in , is an imposing rectangular structure on a lofty terrace overlooking the Manzanares.
Es todo lo que se llama una verdadera aventura. It hangs in the cathedral tower surrounded by eight other bells, and surmounted by two more. In the story told by Ovid Met. This beautiful woman, Galatea, became his wife, and bore him a son called Paphos, founder of the city of that name in Cyprus.
Pues bien A celebrated French poet of the sixteenth century b. A vast region in northern and central Asia, which forms part of the Russian empire, and which has by far the lowest winter temperatures of the known world. A French word meaning 'refreshment-table. This is known as the buffet. A famous Spanish general, who served with distinction in the wars against Portugal and the Moors, and in several Italian campaigns.
Helena, May 5, At this time he was at the height of his power. Mirad que esas bromas con la gente de piedra suelen costar caras It owes its name to a holy hermit, who, after suffering many persecutions at the hands of the Moors, was finally granted all the territory of Hardeta. It was plundered and partly destroyed in —, but the ruins are still beautiful and imposing.
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The following incident is not one of its well-known legends. Obsolete for maestro, 'master,' a title of respect.
Seville, the capital of the province of Seville, is a city of some , inhabitants situated in the southwestern part of Spain on the Guadalquivir River. In the sixteenth century, during the reign of Philip II — , at which time the events of this story are supposed to take place, Seville reached the height of its prosperity. The architecture is semi-Gothic. The midnight mass preceding Christmas day. The introduction of the word gallo has reference to the early cockcrowing. Compare the expression al primer gallo, at midnight. Ahora llega frente al retablo.
Una vez, vi mariposas volar y ech a correr tras ellas,
The galleons from the West Indies brought much gold to Spain in the sixteenth century. These anachronisms on the part of the author, however, in no way affect the artistic merit of the work. Nor are they the only ones to be found in this same legend. See note 4, below; also p.
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